Lisbon (21)

The Use of the Creative Reversal Act (CREACT) to Develop Creative Potential in the Classroom
Uğur Sak
Center for Research and Practice on Gifted Education, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey
The last decades have witnessed a number of new theories and models about the development of creativity. Some of these models were translated into practice. We have come to believe that creative ability is not a fixed capacity; rather, it can be improved through interventions. Indeed, research shows that educational and training programs make a considerable improvement in creative capacity. This talk will include the discussion of creativity studies first, and then a review of the CREACT (Creative Reversal Act), its theoretical background, and research carried out on its effectiveness on students’ creativity. The CREACT is a creative teaching technique (Sak, 2009) developed based on the theory of the janusian process that was originally proposed by Rothenberg (1971). The janusian process plays a role in many creative accomplishments, such as the theory of natural selection and the general theory of relativity. Creative ideas holding oppositions, paradoxes, and paradoxical metaphors can be produced through the use of the CREACT. It is composed of five steps: construction, segregation, opposition, combination and elaboration processes. A series of research was carried out on the effectiveness of the CREACT. One of the studies showed that the use of the CREACT improved students’ creative performance significantly on the poem and story tasks. Second study involved students’ performance on concept learning and construction of paradoxes. In this study, experimental groups showed higher performance than did the control groups on the both tasks. In another study, the social validity (social acceptance) of the CREACT was investigated. Students’ satisfaction with use of the CREACT was found very high. Research findings imply that the CREACT can be used effectively in a variety of settings, including classrooms and workplaces.